Heroku users frequently run the heroku command-line tool that ships with the Heroku Toolbelt. It has two very convenient features: it will remember API credentials and default to the "heroku" GIT remote to figure out the application to connect to. Neither of these features are available in the Heroku client API, so it's not unusual to find developers invoke the Heroku CLI from Rake tasks and other automation scripts.

There're several problems with using the Heroku CLI for automation:

  1. The exit code from heroku run is not the exit code from the process being run on Heroku. See #186.
  2. Gathering console output from heroku run:detached requires an external heroku logs --tail process that will never finish.

The heroku-commander gem wraps execution of the Heroku CLI to overcome these common limitations.

Heroku Configuration

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commander = Heroku::Commander.new
# a hash of all settings for your default heroku app
commander.config

Notice that unlike Heroku::Client.new, this doesn't require your e-mail or API key. It will invoke heroku config -s.

You can specify an application name, too.

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commander = Heroku::Commander.new({ :app => "heroku-commander" })
# a hash of all settings for the heroku-commander application
commander.config

Run Commands on Heroku

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commander = Heroku::Commander.new
# returns all output lines
# eg. [ "Linux 2.6.32-348-ec2 #54-Ubuntu SMP x86_64 GNU" ]
commander.run "uname -a"

This calls (heroku run 2>&1 uname -a; echo rc=\\$?), parses output for the final exit code line and raises an exception if the run's result code wasn't zero. In other words, if the command fails, an error is raised, which makes this suitable for Rake tasks.

You can also read output line-by-line.

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commander.run "ls -1" do |line|
  # each line from the output of ls -1
end

Detach Commands on Heroku

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commander = Heroku::Commander.new
commander.run("ls -R", { :detached => true }) do |line|
  # each line from the output of ls -r -1
end

This calls (heroku detached:run ls -r -1 2>&1; echo rc=\\$?), parses the output for a Heroku process ID, spawns a heroku logs --tail -p pid and monitors the log output until it reports process completion. It will also parse output for the final exit code and raise an exception if the run's result code wasn't zero.

More Examples

There're more working examples here.

Categories: heroku, rake, shell


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